A NATAÇÃO DE COMPETIÇÃO E A IDENTIDADE FÍSICA E PSICOLÓGICA DO NADADOR: UMA REVISÃO SISTEMÁTICA NARRATIVA

Autores

Palavras-chave:

Atletas, Desempenho Atlético, Estilo de Vida, Traumatismos em Atletas

Resumo

Este estudo concentra-se na atenção as particularidades da natação e das pessoas que a realizam como prática competitiva. Tratamos de aproximar as características do esporte e das pessoas que o praticam, na ideia de que um melhor conhecimento da realidade constitui como aspecto chave para qualquer processo de intervenção com nadadores de competição. Com esse objetivo, se realizou una busca nas bases de dados EBSChost a combinação das palavras chaves em inglês natação (swimming) y competição (competition). Foram pesquisados artigos acadêmicos escritos em inglês, espanhol e português com faixa etária limitada entre 13 e 44 anos, que abrange a literatura de 1972 a abril de 2019. Os resultados revelaram que os estudos desenvolvidos com nadadores de competição indicam uma predileção em tratar de encontrar efeitos, influências ou analisar aspectos do rendimento esportivo.

Biografia do Autor

Ana Carolina Lima Costa, Secretaria de Educação e Esportes de Pernambuco

Secretaria Executiva de Esportes. Coordenação de Esporte de Base e Rendimento.

Referências

ABEDALHAFIZ, Abedalbasit; ALTAHAYNEH, Ziad; AL-HALIQ, Mahmoud. Sources of stress and coping styles among student-athletes in Jordan universities. Procedia - social and behavioral sciences, v. 5, p. 1911-1917, 2010.

ABRALDES, José Arturo e colaboradores. Orientaciones de meta, satisfacción, creencias de éxito y clima motivacional en nadadores. Revista internacional de medicina y ciencias de la actividad fisica y del deporte, v. 16, n. 63, p. 583-599, 2016.

AGUIAR, Patrícia Raquel Carvalho de e colaboradores. Lesões desportivas na natação. Revista brasileira de medicina do esporte, v. 16, n. 4, p. 273-277, 2010.

ALBRECHT, Richard R.; FELTZ, Deborah L. Generality and specificity of attention related to competitive anxiety and sport performance. Journal of sport psychology, v. 9, p. 231-248, 1987.

ANDRADE, Afranio DE; SALGUERO, Alfonso; MÁRQUEZ, Sara. Motivos para participação esportiva em nadadores brasileiros. Fitness & performance journal, v. 5, n. 3, p. 363-369, 2006.

ARONI, André; SOUSA, Catarina. Motivação e percepção do envolvimento parental na prática esportiva de jovens nadadores. Coleção pesquisa em educação física, v. 10, n. 6, p. 103-110, 2011.

BARA-FILHO, Maurício G. e colaboradores. A redução dos níveis de cortisol sanguíneo através da técnica de relaxamento progressivo em nadadores. Revista brasileira medicina esporte, v. 8, n. 4, p. 139-143, 2002.

BARBOSA, Tiago M. e colaboradores. Energetics and biomechanics as determining factors of swimming performance: Updating the state of the art. Journal of science and medicine in sport, v. 13, n. 2, p. 262-269, 2010.

BARTHOLOMEW, Kimberley J. e colaboradores. Psychological need thwarting in the sport context: assessing the darker side of athletic experience. Journal of sport and exercise psychology, v. 33, n. 1, p. 75-102, 2011.

BAXTER-JONES, Adam Dominic George; MAFFULLI, Nicola; HELMS, Peter. Low injury rates in elite athletes. Archives of disease in childhood, v. 68, n 1., p. 130-132, 1993.

BECK, Aron T.; STEER, Robert A.; BROWN, Gregory K. Beck depression inventory. 2. ed. San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation, 1996.

BERNIER, Marjorie e colaboradores. Mindfulness and acceptance approaches in sport performance. Journal of clinical sport psychology, v. 3, n. 4, p. 320–333, 2009.

BRANDT, Ricardo e colaboradores. Estados de humor e fatores associados no desempenho de nadadores no período competitivo. Revista brasileira de ciências da saúde, v. 12, n. 40, p. 36–41, 2014.

CARBUHN, Aaron F. e colaboradores. Sport and training influence bone and body composition in women collegiate athletes. Journal of strength and conditioning research, v. 24, n. 7, p. 1710–1717, 2004.

CHAN, Derwin King Chun; LONSDALE, Chris; FUNG, Helene H. Influences of coaches, parents, and peers on the motivational patterns of child and adolescent athletes. Scandinavian journal of medicine and science in sports, v. 22, n. 4, p. 558–568, 2012.

CHASE, Kristin I. e colaboradores. A prospective study of injury affecting competitive collegiate swimmers. Research in sports medicine, v. 21, n. 2, p. 111-123, 2013.

COCCA, Armando e colaboradores. La deportividad de los nadadores frente a otras modalidades deportivas de equipo. In: COLOMINA, Raúl Arellano e colaboradores (Eds.). Swimming science I. Granada: [s.n.]. p. 209–214.

D’ANNA, Cristiana; RIO, Laura; PALOMA, Filippo Gomez. Competitive sport and self-concept in adolescent. Journal of human sport and exercise, v. 10, n. Proc1, p. S425–S429, 2015.

DECLERCK, Marlies e colaboradores. Benefits and enjoyment of a swimming intervention for youth with cerebral palsy: An RCT study. Pediatric physical therapy, v. 28, n. 2, p. 162–169, 2016.

EKLUND, Robert; DEFREESE, J. D. Athlete burnout: what we know , and what we should be finding out about. International journal of applied sports sciences, v. 27, n. 2, p. 63–75, 2015.

FERREIRA, Renato Melo e colaboradores. Nadadores medalhistas olímpicos : contexto do desenvolvimento brasileiro. Motriz, v. 18, n. 1, p. 130–142, 2012.

FINA. Manual natación para todos - natación para la vida.

FORESTIER, Romain; BENDER, Tamas; LAMBECK, Johan. Health benefits of immersion and therapeutic aquatic exercise in swimming pools and spas in health care, with focus on rheumatologic, orthopaedic and. The journal of the japanese society of balneology, climatology and physical medicine, v. 77, n. 5, p. 417–418, 2014.

FRASER-THOMAS, Jessica; CÔTÉ, Jean. Understanding adolescents’ positive and negative developmental experiences in sport. The sport psychologist, v. 23, n. 1, p. 3–23, 2009.

FRASER-THOMAS, Jessica; CÔTÉ, Jean; DEAKIN, Janice. Understanding dropout and prolonged engagement in adolescent competitive sport. Psychology of sport and exercise, v. 9, p. 645-662, 2008.

GILLHAM, Eva; GILLHAM, Andrew D. Identifying athletes’ sources of competitive state anxiety. Journal of sport behavior, v. 37, n. 1, p. 37–55, 2014.

GIMENO, Fernando; BUCETA, José Maria; PÉREZ-LLANTADA, Maria Carmen. Influencia de las variables psicológicas en el deporte de competición: Evaluación mediante el cuestionario: Características psicológicas relacionadas con el rendimiento deportivo. [The influence of psychological variables on sports performance: assessment. Psicothema, v. 19, n. 4, p. 667–672, 2007.

GUILLÉN, Félix; ÁLVAREZ-MALÉ, Maria Luisa. Relación entre los motivos de la práctica deportiva y la ansiedad en jóvenes nadadores de competición. Revista de iberoamericana de psicología del ejercicio y el deporte, v. 5, n. 2, p. 233-252, 2010.

HAMMOND, Thomas e colaboradores. The prevalence of failure based depression among elite athletes. Clinical journal of sport medicine, v. 23, n. 4, p. 273-277, 2013.

HOWELLS, Kristy; JARMAN, Deborah. Benefits of swimming for young children. Physical education matters, v. 11, n. 3, p. 20-21, 2016.

JAKOBSSON, Britta Thedin. What makes teenagers continue? A salutogenic approach to understanding youth participation in Swedish club sports. Physical education and sport pedagogy, v. 19, n. 3, p. 239-252, 2014.

JOHNSON, James H. Overuse injuries in young athletes: cause and prevention. Strength condition J, v. 30, n. 2, p. 27-31, 2008.

JOHNSON, James N. Competitive swimming illness and injury: common conditions limiting participation. Current sports medicine reports, v. 2, n. 5, p. 267-271, 2003.

JONES, Graham; HANTON, Sheldon. Pre-competitive feeling states and directional anxiety interpretations. Journal of sports sciences, v. 19, n. 6, p. 385-395, 2001.

JONES, Graham; HANTON, Sheldon; SWAIN, Austin. Intensity and interpretation of anxiety symptoms in elite and non-elite sports performers. Personality and individual differences, v. 17, n. 5, p. 657-663, 1994.

JULIFF, Laura E.; HALSON, Shona L.; PEIFFER, Jeremiah J. Understanding sleep disturbance in athletes prior to important competitions. Journal of science and medicine in sport, v. 18, n. 1, p. 13-18, 2015.

KENNEDY, Michael D.; TAMMINEN, Katherine A.; HOLT, Nicholas L. Factors that influence fatigue status in canadian university swimmers. Journal of sports sciences, v. 31, n. 5, p. 554-564, 2013.

KRISTIANSEN, Elsa; ROBERTS, Glyn C. Young elite athletes and social support: coping with competitive and organizational stress in “Olympic” competition. Scandinavian journal of medicine and science in sports, v. 20, n. 4, p. 686-695, 2010.

LAVOIE, Jean-Marc; MONTPETIT, Richard R. Applied physiology of swimming. Sports medicine, v. 3, n. 3, p. 165-189, 1986.

LÓPEZ-TORRES, Miguel; TORREGROSA, Miguel; ROCA, Josep. Características del “flow”, ansiedad y estado emocional, en relación con el rendimiento de deportistas de elite. Cuadernos de psicología del deporte, v. 7, n. 1, p. 25-44, 2007.

LUNDQVIST, Carolina; KENTTÄ, Göran; RAGLIN, John S. Directional anxiety responses in elite and sub-elite young athletes: intensity of anxiety symptoms matters. Scandinavian journal of medicine and science in sports, v. 21, n. 6, p. 853-862, 2011.

MABWEAZARA, Smart Z.; LEACH, Lloyd; ANDREWS, Barry S. Predicting swimming performance using state anxiety. South african journal of psychology, v. 47, n. 1, p. 110-120, 2017.

MACCOSHAM, Bradley e colaboradores. Leisure lifestyle and dropout: exploring the experience of amateur athletes in competitive sport. International journal of sport management recreation and tourism, v. 20, p. 20-39, 2015.

MALHEIRO, Ana Sofia; GOUVEIA, Maria João. Ansiedade física social e comportamentos alimentares de risco em contexto desportivo. Análise psicológica, v. 19, n. 1, p. 143-155, 2001.

MÁRQUEZ, Sara. Diferencias en componentes de la ansiedad competitiva entre practicantes de deportes individuales y colectivos. Revista de entrenamiento deportivo, v. 8, n. 3, p. 11-14, 1994.

MARTENS, Rainer e colaboradores. Development and validation of the competitive state anxiety inventory-2. In: R. MARTENS, Rainer; VEALEY, Robert S.; BURTON, Damon (Eds.). Competitive anxiety in sport. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 1990.

MARTÍNEZ-SANZ, José Miguel; MIELGO-AYUSO, Juan; URDAMPILLETA, Aritz. Composición corporal y somatotipo de nadadores adolescentes federados. revista española nutrición humana y dietética, v. 16, n. 4, p. 130-136, 2014.

MCDONOUGH, Meghan H. e colaboradores. Stress and coping among adolescents across a competitive swim season. The sport psychologist, v. 27, p. 143-155, 2013.

MOLINERO, Olga e colaboradores. Dropout reasons in young spanish athletes: relationship to gender, type of sport and level of competition. Journal of sport behavior, v. 29, n. 3, p. 255-269, 2006.

MORITZ, Sandra E. e colaboradores. The relation of self-efficacy measures to sport performance: a meta-analytic review. Research quarterly for exercise and sport, v. 71, n. 3, p. 280-294, 2000.

NIXDORF, Insa e colaboradores. Prevalence of depressive symptoms and correlating variables among german el...: EBSCOhost. Journal of clinical sport psychology, v. 7, p. 313-326, 2013.

PINK, Marilyn M.; TIBONE, James E. The painful shoulder in the throwing athlete. Orthopedic clinics of north america, v. 31, n. 2, p. 247-261, 2000.

POLLARD, Henry; CROKER, Danny. Shoulder pain in elite swimmers. Journal of the chiropractic & osteopathic college of Australasia, v. 8, n. 3, p. 91-95, 1999.

PYLE, Renee P. e colaboradores. High school student athletes: associations between intensity of participation and health factors. Clinical pediatrics, v. 42, n. 8, p. 697-701, 2003.

PYNE, David B. e colaboradores. Characterising the individual performance responses to mild illness in international swimmers. British journal of sports medicine, v. 39, n. 10, p. 752-756, 2005.

QUITERIO, Ana Dias e colaboradores. Skeletal mass in adolescent male athletes and nonathletes: relationships with high- impact sports. Journal of strength and conditioning research, v. 25, n. 12, p. 3439-3447, 2011.

ROBAZZA, Claudio e colaboradores. Functional impact of emotions on athletic performance: comparing the IZOF model and the directional perception approach. Journal of sports sciences, v. 26, n. 10, p. 1033-1047, 2008.

SALGUERO, Alfonso e colaboradores. Identification of dropout reasons in young competitive swimmers. Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness, v. 43, n. 4, p. 530-534, 2003.

SAMMOUD, Senda e colaboradores. 100-m breaststroke swimming performance in youth swimmers: the predictive value of anthropometrics. Pediatric Exercise Science, v. Ahead of P, p. 1-9, 2018.

SEIN, Mya Lay e colaboradores. Shoulder pain in elite swimmers: primarily due to swim-volume-induced supraspinatus tendinopathy. British journal of sports medicine, v. 44, n. 2, p. 105-113, 2010.

SHAW, Gregory; MUJIKA, Iñigo. Anthropometric profiles of elite open-water swimmers. International journal of sports physiology and performance, v. 13, n. 1, p. 115-118, jan. 2018.

SILVA III, John M. An analysis of the training stress syndrome in competitive athletics. Journal of applied sport psychology, v. 2, n. 1, p. 5-20, 1990.

STANFORTH, Philip R. e colaboradores. Body composition changes among female NCAA division 1 athletes across the competitive season and over a multiyear time frame. Journal of strength and conditioning research, v. 28, n. 2, p. 300-307, 2014.

TRACEY, Jill; ELCOMBE, Tim. A lifetime of healthy meaningful movement: have we forgotten the athletes? Quest, v. 56, p. 241–260, 2004.

UE. Directrices de actividad física de la EU. Actuaciones recomendadas para apoyar la actividad física que promueve la salud. Bruselas, 2008.

ULATE, Fabián Víquez; VARGAS, Gerardo Alonso Araya. Determinación de factores relacionados con el abandono de la práctica deportiva en ex nadadores costarricenses. Movimiento humano y salud, v. 4, n. 2, p. 1, 2007.

VANDERLEI, Franciele Marques e colaboradores. Lesões desportivas e seus fatores de risco em adolescentes praticantes de natação. Journal of human growth and development, v. 24, n. 1, p. 73-79, 2014.

VELÁSQUEZ, M. T. V.; ROJAS, N. G. Regulación emocional en nadadores en proceso de formación deportiva, categoría infantil. Avances en psicologia latinoamericana, v. 25, n. 2, p. 112-125, 2007.

VITOR, Fabrício de Melo; BÖHME, Maria Tereza Silveira. Performance of young male swimmers in the 100-meters front crawl. Pediatric exercise science, v. 22, n. 2, p. 278-287, 2010.

WALKER, Helen e colaboradores. Shoulder pain in swimmers: a 12-month prospective cohort study of incidence and risk factors. Physical therapy in sport, v. 13, n. 4, p. 243-249, 2012.

WANIVENHAUS, Florian e colaboradores. Epidemiology of injuries and prevention strategies in competitive swimmers. Sports health, v. 4, n. 3, p. 246-251, 2012.

WELDON, Edward J.; RICHARDSON, Allen B. Upper extremity overuse injuries in swimming: A discussion of swimmer’s shoulder. Clinics in sports medicine, v. 20, n. 3, p. 423-438, 2001.

Publicado

2019-12-09