The Petrology of Ziyran Volcanic Belt (ZVB) Eocene Volcanic Rocks

Autores

  • Leila Abbaspour Shirjoposht Ph. D student of Geoscience Department, Science and research Branch, Islamic Azad University (IAU), Tehran, Iran
  • Sayed Jamal al-Din Sheikh Zakariaee Faculty of Geoscience Department, Science and research Branch, Islamic Azad University (IAU), Tehran, Iran
  • Mohammad Reza Ansari Faculty of Geoscience Department, Chaloos Branch, Islamic Azad University (IAU), Iran
  • Mohammad Hashem Emami Faculty of Geoscience Department, Science and research Branch, Islamic Azad University (IAU), Tehran, Iran

Palavras-chave:

Cinturão vulcânico de Ziyan (ZVB), Alborz central, Petrologia, Eoceno

Resumo

The Ziyaran Volcanic Belt (ZVB) is located in the southern part of central Alborz and in the Ziyaran area. The geology of this layer includes various kinds of stone units. In the north, they are the reminder of Cenozoic, quaternary deposits, and in the western part, the exposure stone units are mostly Precambrian and Paleozoic deposits and in the south-eastern part of the studied area, the stones belong to the Mesozoic era and specifically, the sediments belong to the Jurassic era are exposed. Also, the basic volcanic rocks that belong to the Eocene period are located in the Ziyaran area, in the western part of Taleqan County and in the Alborz state. This study aimed to evaluate the petrology of Ziyaran Volcanic Belt (ZVB) Eocene volcanic rocks. For this purpose, which is mostly focused on the study of Cretaceous stones in the central Alborz zone, sampling of the stones in the intended area was performed with the survey and field methods and for 120 samples. After the preparation of the thin layer from the well and without alteration samples, they were examined with petrography and petrology tests. The results of the petrology studies of the volcanic rocks of the Ziyaran area expressed that the basic volcanic rocks in the intermediate area with the intermediate- upper chemical composition of Eocene Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) located in the central zone of Alborz heights, with lithology composition of Alkali olivine basalts and Andesite.

Referências

AGHA NABATI, A., Geology of Iran. Geological and Mineral Exploration Organization of Iran, vol. 1, 2005. p. 177-178, 422-427.

ALAVI, M. Sedimentary and Structural Characteristics of the Paleo-Tethys Remnants in Northeastern Iran, Geological Society of America Bulletin, vol. 103, 1991. p. 983-992.

AOKI, K., SHIBA I. Pyroxene from lherzolite inclusions of Itinomegata. Japan: Lithos, 1973.

BARATIAN, M.; ARIAN, M. A.; YAZDI, A. Petrology and Petrogenesis of Siah Kooh volcanic rocks in the eastern Alborz, GeoSaberes, v. 11, 2020. p. 349-363. DOI: https://doi.org/10.26895/geosaberes.v11i0.980

BERBERIAN, M. Active Faulting and Tectonic of Iran. Geodynamic Series, s, G.S.A Boulder: Colorado, 1981.

BOTCHARNIKOV, R. E.; KOEPKE, J.; HOLTZ, F.; MCCAMMON, C.; WILKE, M. The effect of water activity on the oxidation and structural state of Fe in a ferro-basaltic melt, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta., vol. 69, 2005. p. 5071-5085. https://doi:10.1016/j.gca.2005.04.023

DEER, W. A., HOWIE, R. A.; ZUSSMAN, J. An introduction to the rock-forming minerals. Longman: London, 1992.

DUDA, A.; SCHMINCKE, H.-U. Polybaric differentiation of Alkali basaltic magmas: evidence from green-core Clinopyroxenes (Eifel,FRG), Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology., vol. 91, 1985. p. 340-353.

EFTEKHAR NEZHAD, J. Separation of Different Parts of Iran in Terms of Construction in Relation to Sedimentary Basins. Naft Journal, No. 82, 1980. p. 19-28.

EMAMI, M. H. Magmatism in Iran. Geological and Mineral Exploration Organization of Iran, vol.1, 2000.

FRANCE, L.; ILDEFONSE, B.; KOEPKE, J.; BECH B. A new method to estimate the oxidation state of basaltic series from microprobe analyses, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, vol. 189, 2009. p. 340-346. https://doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2009.11.023

GILL, R. Igneous Rocks and Processes. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, 2010.

GREEN, D.H., and Ringwood A.E., 1967, The genesis of basaltic magmas, Contrib. Mineral. Petr., vol. 15, pp. 103–190.

HAIN, V. E.; SESLAVINSKY, K. B. Some basic questions of the structure and tectonic history of the northwestern segment of the Pacific sub-belt//Vestn. Moscow State University. Ser. 4, Geology, 1972

HELTZ, R. T. Phase relations of basalt in their melting ranges at PH2O=5kb as a function of oxygen fugacity, Journal of Petrology, vol. 14, 1973. p. 249-302. https://doi:10.1093/petrology/14.2.249

JAMSHIDIBADR, M.; TARABI, S.; GHOLIZADEH, K. Study of micro-textures and chemistry of feldspar minerals of East Sarbisheh volcanic complex (Eastern Iran), for evidence of magma chamber process. Iranian Journal of Earth Sciences, 12(1). 2020. p. 10-31.

KILINC, I. A.; CARMICHAEL, S. E.; RIVERS, M. L.; SACK, R. O. The ferric-ferrous ratio of natural silicate liquids equilibrated in air, Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, vol. 83, 1983. p. 136–140. https://doi:10.1007/BF00373086

KOEPKE, J. et. al. Petrogenesis of oceanic plagiogranites by partial melting of gabbros: an experimental study, Editor Sandrin Tilman, University of Tasmania, 2004.

KOPEKE, J.; FEIG, S. T.; SNOW, J.; FREISE, M., Petrogenesis of oceanic plagiogranites by partial melting of gabbros: an experimental study. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, vol. 146, 2004. p. 414-432. https://doi:10.1007/s00410-003-0511-9

KRESS, V. C.; CARMICHAEL, I. S. E. The compressibility of silicate liquids containing Fe2O3 and the effect of composition, temperature, oxygen fugacity and pressure on their redox states, Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, vol. 108, 1991. p. 82–92.

LE BAS, M. J. The role of aluminum in igneous clinopyroxenes with relation to their parentage, American Journal of Science, vol. 260, 1962. p. 267-288. https://doi:10.2475/ajs.260.4.267

MELLUSO, L.; SETHNA, S. F. Mineral compositions in the Deccan igneous rocks of India: an overview. in RAY, J.; SEN, G.; GHOSH, B. (eds) Topics in igneous petrology. Springer: Heidelberg, 2011.

MORETTI, R. Polymerization, basicity, oxidation state and their role in ionic modeling of silicate melts, Annales Geophysicae, vol. 48, 2005. p. 583-608. https://doi:10.4401/ag-3221

MORIMOTO, N. Nomenclature of pyroxenes. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology., vol. 7, 1988. p. 143-156.

NABAVI, M. H. An Introduction to Geology of Iran. Geological and Mineral Exploration Organization of Iran, vol.1, 1976.

NAZEMI, E.; ARIAN, M. A.; JAFARIAN, A.; POURKERMANI, M.; YAZDI, A. Studying The Genesis Of Igneous Rocks In Zarin-Kamar Region (Shahrood, Northeastern Iran) By Rare Earth Elements. Revista Gênero e Direito, 8(4), 2019. p. 446-466. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22478/ufpb.2179-7137.2019v8n4.48442

OLUFEMI OJO, A.; ADELOYE, M.; EGBEDELE, I.; AKINWANDE, F.; Magnetic rocks distribution and depth to basement analysis on an old Quarry Site, Abeokuta, SW Nigeria. Iranian Journal of Earth Sciences, 12(3), 2020. p. 176-183.

OTTONELLO, G., et. al. Oxidation state of iron in silicate glasses and melts: a thermochemical model, Chemical Geology, Volume 174, Issues 1–3, 1 April 2001, Pages 157-179 2001.

PIETRANIK, A.; KOEPKE, J.; PUZIEWICZ, J., Crystallization and resorption in plutonic plagioclase: Implications on the evolution of granodiorite magma, G´siniec granodiorite, Strzelin Crystalline Massif, SW Poland . Lithos, 2005.

POORBEHZADI, K,; YAZDI, A,; SHARIFI TESHNIZI, E,; DABIRI R.; Investigating of Geotechnical Parameters of Alluvial Foundation in Zaram-Rud Dam Site, North Iran. International Journal of Mining Engineering and Technology, 1(1), 2019. p. 33-44.

SCHWEITZER, EL., et. al. Statistical Analysis of Clinopyroxenes from Deepsea Basalts. American Mineralogist, 64, 1979. p. 502-513.

STAMPFLI, G. M. Etde geologique generale de l’Elbourz oriental au sud de Gonbad-e-Qabus (Iran NE), Ph.D. Thesis, These Geneve, Université Genève, 1978.

STOCKLIN, J. Structural History and Tectonic of Iran: A Review, American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bull, vol. 52, 1968. p. 1229-1258.

TARABI S.; EMAMI, M. H.; MODABBERI, S.; SHEIKH, Z.; SEYED, J. Eocene-Oligocene volcanic units of momen abad, east of Iran: petrogenesis and magmatic evolution. Iranian Journal of Earth Sciences, 11(2), 2019. P. 126-140.

YAZDI, A.; ASHJA, A. A.; EMAMI, M. H.; DABIRI, R.; FOUDAZI, M. Magmatic interactions as recorded in plagioclase phenocrysts of quaternary volcanics in SE Bam (SE Iran). Iranian Journal of Earth Sciences, 11(3), 2019-a. pp 215-225.

YAZDI, A.; SHAHHOSINI, E.; DABIRI, R.; ABEDZADEH, H. Magmatic Differentiation Evidences And Source Characteristics Using Mineral Chemistry In The Torud Intrusion (Northern Iran). Revista GeoAraguaia, 9(2), 2019-b. p. 6-21.

Downloads

Publicado

2021-06-25

Como Citar

Shirjoposht, L. A. ., Zakariaee, S. J. al-D. S. ., Ansari, M. R., & Emami, M. H. (2021). The Petrology of Ziyran Volcanic Belt (ZVB) Eocene Volcanic Rocks. Revista Geoaraguaia, 11(1), 77-94. Recuperado de https://periodicoscientificos.ufmt.br/ojs/index.php/geo/article/view/12502

Edição

Seção

Artigos