Use of quality tools to evaluate forest seedlings production in the nursery stage

Authors

  • Rafael Eloy de Souza Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro
  • Alfredo José dos Santos Junior Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1446-0537
  • Alan Henrique Marques de Abreu Companhia Estadual de Águas e Esgotos do Rio de Janeiro
  • Natália Dias de Souza Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro
  • Ananias Francisco Dias Júnior Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9974-0567

DOI:

10.34062/afs.v8i1.10765

Keywords:

Evaluation of non-conformity, Quality management, Native forest seedlings, Pareto chart, Statistical process control

Abstract

The control of production processes can assist in the standardization of variability, reducing waste, and improving the quality of a service or product. Thus, this study aimed to analyze the non-conformities in a production system of forest seedlings from Atlantic Forest aiming at the standardization of the production system and adjustments for field cultivation. The definition of the attributes was made through a technical visit to the forestry nursery to know the location and the production process of the seedlings. For the process evaluation, statistical process control tools were used. The non-conformities analyzed were: coiled root growth, disintegrated substrates of plants, presence of roots fixed to the ground, presence of phytopathogen attack symptoms and/or herbivory and symptoms of nutritional deficiency. In general, variability was detected in the production process, compromising the success in planting the seedlings in the field, as well as their quality.

Author Biography

Alfredo José dos Santos Junior, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo.

Wood and Forest Science Department, Federal University of Espírito Santo.

References

Abreu, AHM, Marzola LB, Melo LA, Leles PSS, Abel ELS, Alonso JM (2017) Urban solid waste in the production of Lafoensia pacari seedlings. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental, 21(2): 83-87. doi: 10.1590/1807-1929/agriambi.v21n2p83-87

Alarcon GG, Fantini AC, Salvador CH, Farley J (2017) Additionality is in detail: Farmers' choices regarding payment for ecosystem services programs in the Atlantic forest, Brazil. Journal of Rural Studies, 54: 177-186. doi: 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2017.06.008

Alfenas AC, Zauza AAV, Mafia RG, Assis TF (2009) Clonagem e doenças do eucalipto. 2nd Edition. Viçosa: Editora UFV. 500p.

Alavez-Pinto HN, Latawiec AE, Strassburg BBN, Barros FSM, Sansevero JBB, Iribarrem A, Crouzeilles R, Lemgruber L, Rangel MC, Silva ACP (2017) Reconciling rural development and ecological restoration: Strategies and policy recommendations for the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Land use Policy, 60: 419-426. doi: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2016.08.004

Campo AD, Navarro RM, Ceacero CJ (2010) Seedling quality and field performance of commercial stocklots of containerized holm oak (Quercus ilex) in Mediterraean Spain: an approach for stablishing a quality standard. New Forests, 39(1): 19-37. doi: 10.1007/s11056-009-9152-9

Fonseca EP, Valério SF, Miglioranza E, Fonseca NAN, Couto L (2002) Padrão de qualidade de mudas de Trema micrantha (L.) Blume, produzidas sob diferentes períodos de sombreamento. Revista Árvore, 26(4): 515-523. doi: 10.1590/S0100-67622002000400015

Gomes JM, Couto L, Leite HG, Xavier A, Garcia SLR (2002) Parâmetros morfológicos na avaliação da qualidade de mudas de Eucalyptus grandis. Revista Árvore, 26(6): 655-664. doi: 10.1590/S0100-67622002000600002

Gregorio N, Herbohn J, Harrison S, Pasa A, Ferraren A (2017) Regulating the Quality of Seedlings for Forest Restoration: Lessons from the National Greening Program in the Philippines. Small-scale Forestry, 16: 83-102. doi: 10.1007/s11842-016-9344-z

Grossnickle SC, Macdonald JE (2018a) Seedling Quality: History, Application, and Plant Attributes. Forests, 9(283): 1-23. doi: 10.3390/f9050283

Grossnickle SC, Macdonald JE (2018b) Why seedlings grow: influence of plant attributes. New Forests, 49: 1-34. doi: 10.1007/s11056-017-9606-4

Haase DL, Davis AS (2017) Developing and supporting quality nursery facilities and staff are necessary to meet global forest and landscape restoration needs. Reforesta, 4: 69-93. doi: 10.21750/REFOR.4.06.45

Lima AAN, Lima JR, Silva JL, Alencar JRB, Soares Sobrinho JL, Lima LG, Rolim Neto PJ (2006) Aplicação do controle estatístico de processo na indústria farmacêutica. Revista de Ciências Farmacêuticas Básica e Aplicada, 27(3): 177-187.

Mafia RG, Alfenas AC, Siqueira L, Ferreira AEM, Leite HG, Cavallazzi JRP (2005) Critério técnico para determinação da idade ótima de mudas de eucalipto para plantio. Revista Árvore, 29(6): 947-953. doi: 10.1590/S0100-67622005000600014

Montgomery DC (2012) Introduction to Statistical Quality Control. 7th Edition. Arizona: Jhon Wiley & Sons. 754p.

Oliveira MC, Ogata RS, Andrade GA, Santos DS, Souza RM, Guimarães TG, Silva Júnior MC, Pereira DJS, Ribeiro JF (2016) Manual de viveiros e produção de mudas. 1st Edition. Brasília: Embrapa Cerrados. 128p.

Silva MAS, Marques HR, Santos TVMN, Teixeira AMC, Luciano MSF, Sambuichi RHS (2015) Diagnóstico de produção de mudas florestais nativas no Brasil. 1st Edition. Brasília: IPEA. 58p.

Silva RBG, Simões D, Silva MR (2012) Qualidade de mudas clonais de Eucalyptus urophylla x E. grandis em função do substrato. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental, 16(3): 297-302. doi: 10.1590/S1415-43662012000300010

Trindade C, Rezende JLP, Jacovine LAG, Sartório ML (2007) Ferramentas da qualidade, aplicação na atividade florestal. 2nd Edition. Viçosa: Editora UFV. 159p.

Published

2021-09-01